MOLNÁR, FERENC (originally Neumann, 1878–1952), Hungarian playwright and novelist. Born in Budapest, Molnár's first novel, Az éhes város ("The Hungry City," 1900) was a historical picture of Budapest, and particularly of its Jewish quarter. The children's story, A Pál utcai fiúk (1907; The Paul Street Boys, 1927), was Molnár's outstanding work. Another of his social novels, Andor (19182), symbolized the young Jewish intellectual destroyed by the defects of his own character. During World War I Molnár was a war correspondent, and some of his experiences appeared in his Egy haditudósíto emlekei ("Memoirs of a War Correspondent," 1916). In Molnár's books, which brilliantly expose contemporary Hungarian social problems, the central figure is always a weak-willed Jew who makes himself ridiculous by trying to imitate his surroundings. It was as a dramatist that Molnár was most distinguished. His witty dialogue owes much to Oscar Wilde. His ideas are sometimes fantastic, but never ridiculous. His first play was A doktor úr ("The Lawyer," 1902). He achieved world fame with Az ördög (1907; The Devil, 1908); the tragicomedy Liliom (1909; Eng. vers., 1921), A testör (1910; The Guardsman, 1924); and A farkas (1912; The Tale of the Wolf, 1914). All these characters deal with the problems of a changing society, and the characters are, almost without exception, Jews fighting to improve their image, sometimes turning into caricatures in the process. The Guardsman inspired oscar strauss ' musical comedy The Chocolate Soldier; Liliom became the musical Carousel (1945), by richard rodgers and Oscar hammerstein . Molnár also wrote lyrical, symbolic dramas. Most of his plays have been translated into English. There are two anthologies of his stage works, Plays (1927) and The Plays of Ferenc Molnár (1929, 19372); and a prose anthology, Husbands and Lovers (1924). During the end of the 1930s, antisemitism drove Molnár from Hungary, and he lived in France and Switzerland, but immigrated to the U.S. in 1940. His last major work was the autobiographical Útitárs a számúzetéshen (1958; appeared in English as Companion in Exile, 1950). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Halmi, Molnár Ferenc… (Hung., 1929); Magyar Irodalmi Lexicon, 2 (1965), 263–6; S.J. Kunitz and H. Haycroft (eds.), Twentieth Century Authors (1942), 970f. (Baruch Yaron)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Molnár, Ferenc — born Jan. 12, 1878, Budapest, Hung. died April 1, 1952, New York City, N.Y., U.S. Hungarian writer. He published his first stories at age 19 and achieved his first success with the play The Devil (1907). Among his other plays, some adapted as… …   Universalium

  • Molnár,Ferenc — Mol·nár (mōlʹnär , môlʹ ), Ferenc. 1878 1952. Hungarian writer known particularly for his comedies, including The Devil (1907) and Liliom (1909). * * * …   Universalium

  • Molnár, Ferenc — pseud. di Neumann, Ferenc …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Molnár, Ferenc — ► (1878 1952) Dramaturgo y novelista húngaro. Autor de El diablo. * * * (12 ene. 1878, Budapest, Hungría–1 abr. 1952, Ciudad de Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Escritor húngaro. Escribió sus primeros relatos cuando tenía 19 años y logró su primer… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Molnar, Ferenc (Neumann) — (1878 1952)    Hungarian writer. Born in Budapest, he studied at the univer sities of Budapest and Geneva. In 1896 he joined the daily Budapesti Napld. His articles were collected in Memoirs of a War Correspondent. His plays include The Lawyer,… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Molnár — Molnár, Ferenc …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ferenc Molnar — Ferenc Molnár, 16. Februar 1941, Fotograf Carl van Vechten Ferenc Molnár [ˈfɛrɛnʦ ˈmolnaːr] (deutsch auch Franz Molnar, * 12. Januar 1878 in Budapest als Ferenc Neumann; † 1. April 1952 in New York) w …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferenc Molnár — Ferenc Molnár, de son vrai nom Ferenc Neumann, né à Budapest le 12 janvier 1878 et mort à New York le 1er avril 1952 est un écrivain hongrois du XXe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferenc Molnár — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ferenc Molnár Ferenc Molnár, nacido Ferenc Neumann, (12 de enero, 1878, Budapest, Hungría 1 de abril, 1952 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ferenc Molnar — Ferenc Molnár Ferenc Molnár, de son vrai nom Ferenc Neumann, né à Budapest le 12 janvier 1878 et mort à New York le 1er avril 1952 est un écrivain hongrois du XXe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français